Course Description:

Cultural and Social Foundations of American Education in the United States is a core course for all students in K-12 or secondary teacher preparation programs at Guidance College. This course is designed to examine educational practice from diverse historical, philosophical, sociological, economic, and legal perspectives. The course will address issues of educational equity, sociocultural influences on teaching and learning, and how teachers and schools can contribute to interpersonal and intercultural understanding and respect, social justice, and democratic citizenship. Students will explore the nature of school environments, the fundamental goals of education in the American public school. We will probe and critique education in the U.S. through historical overview, theory on the various functions of education in society, and in-depth examinations of the structures of curriculum, teaching, privilege, and inequity. We will look at how schools both reproduce and transform society and how society both reproduces and transforms schools. The class will be both theoretical and applied: with use of system-thinking to identify points of intervention for creating empowering and equitable schools.

Course Code: MAIE760

Credit hours: 3

Pre-Requisites: None

Purpose of Course:

To provide students with an overview of the historical, philosophical, sociological, political, economic, and legal foundations of American public education system. To introduce students to the concept and process of compiling a transfer portfolio and to continue their progress through the teacher candidate program at Guidance College.

Course Objectives:

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the objectives listed below. Acquisition and retention of these objectives is dependent on the student being a reflective participant in the course. Appropriate objectives are linked to the Texas Teacher Standards and the Texas Standards for the Preparation of Educators.

Course Outcomes:

The student will:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of cultural diversity and the potential for bias in teaching.
  • Analyze the historical, philosophical, and sociological foundations of schooling in the United States to understand their effects on current educational practices and issues.
  • Demonstrate a basic knowledge of how differing philosophic views imply different approaches to learning.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of curriculum, instructional alignment, national and state standards.
  • Demonstrate an understanding that students from varied cultural backgrounds may differ in their approaches to learning.
  • Recognize the influence of classroom, school, and community culture on student relationships and the impact on the classroom environment and learning.
  • Recognize legal and ethical practices and the influence of district policies and school procedures on professional practice.
  • Identify strategies for fostering appropriate collaboration with colleagues and school personnel.
  • Recognize the importance of developing relationships and applying services with students, families, and communities in support of student learning.

Course Outline:

Foundations of Education in a Diverse Society

  • Introduction: Applying History to Education Today.
  • Shaping the Schools: Philosophical, Social, and Psychological Foundation
  • American Education: Our European Heritage and the Colonial Influence
  • American Education: The American Revolution
  • American Education: 1812-1865
  • American Education: 1865-1918
  • Development of Modern American Education After 1918
  • American Education: 1960- Present
  • Educational Reform after 1980: The Search for Excellence
  • Issues in Modern American Education
  • Globalization, Trends, and Gaining Perspective

Main Textbook

The History and Social Foundations of Education, Tenth Edition by John D. Pulliam, James J. Van Patten

Grading and Evaluation:

  • Minimum passing grade 70%
  • Mid-Term Exam 30%
  • Assignments 20% (Peer Review Published Article Assignments & Class Participation)
  • Project 20% (Project Submission & Presentation)
  • Final Exam 30%

Guidelines for Research Paper:

 1- A part of the course requirements is to submit a research paper, except for certain courses.

 2- The chosen topic must be relevant to the course and approved by the Instructor.

 3- Joint project / research is allowed, up to 3 students, and upon the instructor’s approval.

 4- The paper must meet the following requirements:

  • Consider either MLA or APA guides for writing research papers
  • Follow the standard research paper structure with a Table of Contents, Abstract or Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Body, Conclusion, List of Reference
  • The Main Body should be organized into logical chapters and paragraphs
  • When quoting Hadeeth, a notation indicating its authenticity must be clearly

E-LibraryPlease log in with your user ID & password 

Communication Etiquette:

  • If sending emails directly to the Instructor, please include appropriate label in the subject line (Action Required/Info/Admin) and allow up to 3 working days for reply.
  • Limit telephone communication with the Instructor to the office hours only.
  • When leaving a voicemail, please clearly state your name, course code, and contact number.

Additional Information:

Log in Instructions:

To attend live – online lectures (on their scheduled time):

Virtual Class Room

Access the course on-line by logging into Online School, accessible from

Guidance College Online School

You will need a user name and password to:

  • View the recorded lectures if you missed the live online ones.
  • Interact with your teacher and classmates.
  • Upload and submit your assignments, research papers, and exams.
  • View your grades.
  • All attempt must be made to submit assignments by the agreed due dates. Late submissions will be penalized.
  • Your work will be checked and graded on weekly basis, in sha Allah.

Vision Statement:

Guidance College shall be one of the top well-recognized universities in the United States that offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in specialized Islamic fields aiming at preparing moral and well-knowledgeable leaders who provide research-based Islamic alternatives that enable the Muslims to contribute to the success of their country.

Mission Statement:

Guidance College is the place where students gain their undergraduate degrees in authentic and professional specialized Islamic knowledge that recognizes modern-time realities and allows them to examine different branches of knowledge from an authentic Islamic perspective which enables them to think ethically, logically, analytically, and critically while making responsible and moral decisions aiming at improving the quality of life for all inhabitants of the earth with a full understanding and appreciation of the cultural and human differences.