Course Description:

This course highlights the history of Islamic Fiqh, characteristics, origins, developmental stages, and the four major juristic schools of thought, with more focus on the status of following certain school vs. choosing from different juristic schools.

Course Code: FIQ101

Credit hours: 3

Pre-Requisites: None

Learning Objectives:

  • State the meaning of Fiqh, its sources, and its status in Islam.
  • Write down the characteristics of Fiqh and trace its origins to the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him)
  • Sequence and outline major historical highlights in the developmental stages of Fiqh.
  • Summarize the establishment of the four Islamic schools of thought and the factors that led to them.
  • Write an essay describing the contributions made by the scholars of the main schools of thought, and critically analyze their belief and etiquette towards each other and difference of opinion.
  • Ability to identify the main reasons for conflicted rulings.
  • Ability to identify the causes and effects of Taqleed or following one school only.
  • Compare and contrast societal effects of how conflicted rulings are handled today vs. during the time of the first three generations, and expound on relevant questions/solutions for inquiry.
  • Ability to use critical thinking skills to compare different fiqh opinions to come up with the relevant opinion that makes the best fit for the circumstances of Muslims in the United States.

Course Outlines:

  • The First Stage: Foundation
  • The Second Stage: Establishment
  • The Third Stage: Building
  • The Fourth Stage: Flowing
  • The Madh-habs: Schools of Islamic Legal Thought
  • Main Reasons for Conflicting Rulings
  • The Fifth Stage: Consolidation
  • The Six Stage: Stagnation and Decline
  • Imams and Taqleed
  • Differences Among The Ummah

Main Textbook

The Evolution of Fiqh By Dr. Bilal Philips

Grading and Evaluation:

  • Minimum passing grade 70%
  • Weekly Assignments: 30% (10 assignments, 3% each)
  • Attendance:  10%
  • Mid-Term exam:  10%
  • Final exam:  10%
  • Oral exam:  20%
  • Research paper:  20%

Guidelines for Research Paper:

 1- A part of the course requirements is to submit a research paper, except for certain courses.

 2- The chosen topic must be relevant to the course and approved by the Instructor.

 3- Joint project / research is allowed, up to 3 students, and upon the instructor’s approval.

 4- The paper must meet the following requirements:

  • Consider either MLA or APA guides for writing research papers
  • Follow the standard research paper structure with a Table of Contents, Abstract or Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Body, Conclusion, List of Reference
  • The Main Body should be organized into logical chapters and paragraphs
  • When quoting Hadeeth, a notation indicating its authenticity must be clearly

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Communication Etiquette:

  • If sending emails directly to the Instructor, please include appropriate label in the subject line (Action Required/Info/Admin) and allow up to 3 working days for reply.
  • Limit telephone communication with the Instructor to the office hours only.
  • When leaving a voicemail, please clearly state your name, course code, and contact number.

Additional Information:

Log in Instructions:

To attend live – online lectures (on their scheduled time):

Virtual Class Room

Access the course on-line by logging into Online School, accessible from

Guidance College Online School

You will need a user name and password to:

  • View the recorded lectures if you missed the live online ones.
  • Interact with your teacher and classmates.
  • Upload and submit your assignments, research papers, and exams.
  • View your grades.
  • All attempt must be made to submit assignments by the agreed due dates. Late submissions will be penalized.
  • Your work will be checked and graded on weekly basis, in sha Allah.

Vision Statement:

Guidance College shall be one of the top well-recognized universities in the United States that offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in specialized Islamic fields aiming at preparing moral and well-knowledgeable leaders who provide research-based Islamic alternatives that enable the Muslims to contribute to the success of their country.

Mission Statement:

Guidance College is the place where students gain their undergraduate degrees in authentic and professional specialized Islamic knowledge that recognizes modern-time realities and allows them to examine different branches of knowledge from an authentic Islamic perspective which enables them to think ethically, logically, analytically, and critically while making responsible and moral decisions aiming at improving the quality of life for all inhabitants of the earth with a full understanding and appreciation of the cultural and human differences.