FIQ341 ISLAMIC PENAL & JUDICIARY LAW

Course Description:

This course covers two main subjects: The different rules of punishment in Islamic Penal System, whether the fixed ones (Hudoud) or discretionary (Ta’zeer), or otherwise the rules of legal retaliation (Qisaas), punishable crimes in Islam. And the main components of the judiciary system in Islam, this includes qualification to be a judge, conditions for a valid lawsuit, law of claim, evidence, and testimony.

Course Code: FIQ341

Credit hours: 3

Pre-Requisites: None

Learning Objectives:

  • Define and explain the Islamic Penal & Judiciary system.
  • Explain the philosophy of Islamic Penal law and its relevance to our daily life.
  • Articulate the punishable crimes in Islam, and why they are punishable.
  • Describe the punishment of each crime.
  • Illustrate the ethics and the etiquette Muslim judges should have.
  • Explain judgment procedure.
  • Develop basic knowledge and recognize some of the common misconceptions and
  • Learn misrepresentations related to Islamic Penal & Judiciary law.

Course Outline:

1- Legal Retribution (Qisas)

  • Murder and its Types
  • Blood Money and its Rules
  • Expiation of Murder

2- Prescribed Punishments (Hudood)

  • Crimes Subject to Hudood
  • Punishments of These Crimes

3- Apostasy and the Debate Regarding its Punishment

4- Discretionary Punishments (Ta’zeer)

  •  Crimes Subject to Ta’zeer

5- Judiciary System

  • Judge Ethics
  • Testimony and its Rules
  • Claim and Evidence and Their Rules
  • Confession and its Rules

Main Textbook:

Summary of Fiqh by Dr. Saleh Al-Fawzan – [Pages (514 to 648) and (695 to 758)]

Grading and Evaluation:

  • Minimum passing grade 70%
  • Weekly Assignments: 30% (10 assignments, 3% each)
  • Attendance:  10%
  • Mid-Term exam:  10%
  • Final exam:  10%
  • Oral exam:  20%
  • Research paper:  20%

Guidelines for Research Paper:

 1- A part of the course requirements is to submit a research paper, except for certain courses.

 2- The chosen topic must be relevant to the course and approved by the Instructor.

 3- Joint project / research is allowed, up to 3 students, and upon the instructor’s approval.

 4- The paper must meet the following requirements:

  • Consider either MLA or APA guides for writing research papers
  • Follow the standard research paper structure with a Table of Contents, Abstract or Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Body, Conclusion, List of Reference
  • The Main Body should be organized into logical chapters and paragraphs
  • When quoting Hadeeth, a notation indicating its authenticity must be clearly

E-LibraryPlease log in with your user ID & password 

Communication Etiquette:

  • If sending emails directly to the Instructor, please include appropriate label in the subject line (Action Required/Info/Admin) and allow up to 3 working days for reply.
  • Limit telephone communication with the Instructor to the office hours only.
  • When leaving a voicemail, please clearly state your name, course code, and contact number.

Additional Information:

Log in Instructions:

To attend live – online lectures (on their scheduled time):

Virtual Class Room

Access the course on-line by logging into Online School, accessible from

Guidance College Online School

You will need a user name and password to:

  • View the recorded lectures if you missed the live online ones.
  • Interact with your teacher and classmates.
  • Upload and submit your assignments, research papers, and exams.
  • View your grades.
  • All attempt must be made to submit assignments by the agreed due dates. Late submissions will be penalized.
  • Your work will be checked and graded on weekly basis, in sha Allah.

Vision Statement:

Guidance College shall be one of the top well-recognized universities in the United States that offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in specialized Islamic fields aiming at preparing moral and well-knowledgeable leaders who provide research-based Islamic alternatives that enable the Muslims to contribute to the success of their country.

Mission Statement:

Guidance College is the place where students gain their undergraduate degrees in authentic and professional specialized Islamic knowledge that recognizes modern-time realities and allows them to examine different branches of knowledge from an authentic Islamic perspective which enables them to think ethically, logically, analytically, and critically while making responsible and moral decisions aiming at improving the quality of life for all inhabitants of the earth with a full understanding and appreciation of the cultural and human differences.