FIQ452 PRINCIPLES OF FIQH 2 (USUL AL-FIQH) 

Course Description:

A continuity of exposition of the methods by which the rules of Fiqh are deduced, covering the Analogical Deduction, Legislation of previous nations, Fatwa of the companions, Choosing among different Qiyas, Status of public Interest, General Custom, Presumption of Continuity, Blocking the Means, and Personal Reasoning.

Course Code: FIQ452

Credit hours: 3

Pre-Requisites: FIQ451

Learning Objectives:

  • Outline the appropriate means by which scholars we derive rulings from the Qur’an and Sunnah using Qiyas (Analogical Deduction)
  • State the definition and rulings of the following in short essays: Revealed laws preceding the Sharia of Islam, the Fatwa of a companion, Istihsan (Equity in Islamic Law), Maslahah Mursalah (Considerations of Public Interest), ‘Urf (Custom), Istishab (Presumption of Continuity), Sadd al-Dhara’i (Blocking the Means), Hukm Shar’i (Law or Value of Sharia), Conflict of Evidences, and Ijtihad, or Personal Reasoning.
  • Write down the rules and criteria that qualify a person to be a Mujtahid (independent researcher)
  • Outline the rules and criteria governing what constitutes a source of Shariah, why it is considered a proof, how to benefit from those proofs and how to reconcile with proofs when they are unclear in meaning and or when they appear to contradict each other.
  • Deliver a presentation on the research framework and methodology needed for understanding the language of the Qur’an and Sunnah and how to use the various types of evidences serve as a guide to our Islamic practices and belief.

Course Outline:

  • Chapter Nine: Qiyas (Analogical Deduction).
  • Chapter Ten: Revealed Laws Preceding the Sharia of Islam.
  • Chapter Eleven: The Fatwa of a Companion.
  • Chapter Twelve: Istihsan, or Equity in Islamic Law.
  • Chapter Thirteen: Maslahah Mursalah (Considerations of Public Interest).
  • Chapter Fourteen: ‘Urf (Custom).
  • Chapter Fifteen: Istishab (Presumption of Continuity).
  • Chapter Sixteen: Sadd al-Dhara’i (Blocking the Means).
  • Chapter Seventeen: Hukm Shar’i (Law or Value of Sharia).
  • Chapter Eighteen: Conflict of Evidences.
  • Chapter Nineteen: Ijtihad, or Personal Reasoning.

Main Textbook:

Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence by Dr. M. H. Kamali

Additional On-line Readings:

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The Message of Islam

Grading and Evaluation:

  • Minimum passing grade 70%
  • Weekly Assignments: 30% (10 assignments, 3% each)
  • Attendance:  10%
  • Mid-Term exam:  10%
  • Final exam:  10%
  • Oral exam:  20%
  • Research paper:  20%

Guidelines for Research Paper:

 1- A part of the course requirements is to submit a research paper, except for certain courses.

 2- The chosen topic must be relevant to the course and approved by the Instructor.

 3- Joint project / research is allowed, up to 3 students, and upon the instructor’s approval.

 4- The paper must meet the following requirements:

  • Consider either MLA or APA guides for writing research papers
  • Follow the standard research paper structure with a Table of Contents, Abstract or Executive Summary, Introduction, Main Body, Conclusion, List of Reference
  • The Main Body should be organized into logical chapters and paragraphs
  • When quoting Hadeeth, a notation indicating its authenticity must be clearly

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Vision Statement:

Guidance College shall be one of the top well-recognized universities in the United States that offers graduate and undergraduate degrees in specialized Islamic fields aiming at preparing moral and well-knowledgeable leaders who provide research-based Islamic alternatives that enable the Muslims to contribute to the success of their country.

Mission Statement:

Guidance College is the place where students gain their undergraduate degrees in authentic and professional specialized Islamic knowledge that recognizes modern-time realities and allows them to examine different branches of knowledge from an authentic Islamic perspective which enables them to think ethically, logically, analytically, and critically while making responsible and moral decisions aiming at improving the quality of life for all inhabitants of the earth with a full understanding and appreciation of the cultural and human differences.